Development and Students’ Perception on Teaching Aids of Photoelectric Effect Experiment Using Leds

Hartono Bancong, Ana Dhiqfaini Sultan, Subaer Subaer, Muris Muris


The photoelectric effect experiment generally uses a very sophisticated and expensive apparatus. Some high schools and even universities in Indonesia cannot afford to conduct this experiment because of the high price of the apparatus. The purpose of this study was to develop a user-friendly, and cost-effective teaching aids which can be used to demonstrate the concepts of modern physics related to the photoelectric effect. The stages of this study employed the Four-D model, namely define, design, develop, and disseminate. Based on experts and practitioner evaluation, the developed teaching aids and practicum devices of photoelectric effect experiment were found to be valid and reliable. The results of the experiment by using this developed teaching aids of the photoelectric effect showed that there is a linear relationship between the stopping potential and the frequency of light emitted by the LED. These results are consistent with Millikan's experimental results, the first physicist who succeed in proving Einstein's hypothesis of the photoelectric effect, that in the photoelectric effect the stopping potential does not depend on the intensity of light but depends only on the frequency of light. In this study, the Planck’s constant value obtained is 6.408x10-34 J.s. Although this value is slightly smaller than the accepted value of Planck's constant that is 6.626x10-34 J.s, it is good enough considering the instrumental error occurred during the measurement of current and voltage. Furthermore, the students’ perception of the developed teaching aids and practicum devices of the photoelectric effects experiment are 74.9% (good) and 80.2% (very good), respectively. This indicates that the photoelectric effect experiment teaching aids and practicum devices that have been developed can be used to demonstrate and prove the concepts of modern physics related to the photoelectric phenomena correctly.

Keywords: Teaching Aids, Photoelectric Effect, Students’ Perception

Full Text:



Bancong, H., & Putra, D. P. (2015). Analisis Proses Keterampilan Proses Sains Mahasiswa Berdasarkan Gaya Berpikir Dan Kecerdasan Jamak Pada Praktikum Fisika Modern Di Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar. JPF : JURNAL PENDIDIKAN FISIKA, 3(1), 27-33.

Bancong, H., & Song, J. (2018). Do Physics Textbooks Present the Ideas of Thought Experiments?: A Case in Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(1), 25-33.

Bancong, H., & Subaer. (2013). Profil Penalaran Logis Berdasarkan Gaya Berpikir dalam Memecahkan Masalah Fisika Peserta Didik. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 2(2), 195-202.

Brizuela, G., & Juan, A. (1996). Planck’s constant determination using a light bulb. American Journal of Physics, 64(6), 819-821.

Brown, J. R. (1986). Thought experiments since the scientific revolution. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 1(1), 1-15.

Checchetti, A., & Fantini, A. (2015). Experimental Determination of Planck’s constant using Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) and Photoelectric Effect. World Journal of Chemical Education, 3(4), 87-92.

Cooper, R. (2005). Thought Experiments. Metaphilosophy, 36(3), 328-347.

Cortel, A. (2006). Simple Photoelectric Effect. The Physics Teacher, 44, 310-311.

Dryzek, J., & Ruebenbauer, K. (1992). Planck’s constant determination from black‐body radiation. American Journal of Physics, 60(3), 251-253.

Einstein, A. (1905). Concerning an Heuristic Point of View Toward the

Emission and Transformation of Light. Annalen der Physik, 17, 132-148.

Etkina, E., Karelina, A., Ruibal-Villasenor, M., Rosengrant, D., Jordan, R., & Hmelo-Silver, C. E. (2010). Design and Reflection Help Students Develop Scientific Abilities: Learning in Introductory Physics Laboratories. The Journal of the Learning Science, 19(1), 54-98.

Feynman, R. P., Leighton, R. B., & Sands, M. (1963). The Feynman Lecturer on Physics. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

Garver, W. P. (2006). The Photoelectric Effect Using LEDs as Light Sources. The Physics Teacher, 44, 272-275.

Hamdani. (2017). Deskripsi Keterampilan Proses Sains Mahasiswa Calon Guru Fisika. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika dan IPA, 8(1), 43-51.

Hamdiyati, Y., & Kusnadi. (2007). Profil Keterampilan Proses Sains Mahasiswa melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Kerja Ilmiah Pada Mata Kuliah Mikrobiologi. Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, 9(2), 36-42.

Hırça, N. (2013). The Influence of Hands on Physics Experiments on Scientific Process Skills According to Prospective Teachers’ Experiences. European Journal of Physics Education, 4(1), 6-14.

Hofstein, A., & Lunetta, V. T. (2004). The Laboratory in Science Education: Foundations for the Twenty-First Century. Science Education, 88(1), 28-54.

Keesing, R. G. (1981). The measurement of Planck's constant using the visible photoelectric effect. European Journal of Physics, 2(3), 139-149.

Koponen, I. T., & Mäntylä, T. (2006). Generative Role of Experiments in Physics and in Teaching Physics: A Suggestion for Epistemological Reconstruction. Science & Education, 15(1), 31-54.

Lawshe, C. H. (1975). A Quantitative Approach to Content Validity. Personnel Psychology, 28, 563-575.

Loparco, F., Malagoli, M. S., Rainò, S., & Spinelli, P. (2017). Measurement of the ratio h/e with a photomultiplier tube and a set of LEDs. European Journal of Physics, 38(2), 1-10.

Millikan, R. A. (1916). A Direct Photoelectric Determination of Planck's "h". Physical Review Journals Archive, 7(3), 355-390.

Planck, M. (1901). On the Law of the Energy Distribution in the Normal Spectrum. Annalen der Physik, 4, 553-563.

Reiner, M. (1998). Thought experiments and collaborative learning in physics. International Journal of Science Education, 20(9), 1043-1058.

Safitri, I., Bancong, H., & Husain, H. (2013). Pengaruh Pendekatan Multiple Intelligences Terhadap Sikap dan Hasil Belajar Kimia Peserta Didik di SMA Negeri 1 Tellu Limpoe. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 2(2), 156-160.

Thiagarajan, S., Semmel, D. S., & Semmel, M. I. (1974). Instructional development for training teachers of exceptional children: A sourcebook. Bloomington: Indiana University.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View JPF Stats

   Free counters!

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika (p-ISSN: 2302-8939, e- ISSN: 2527-4015) Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.