What Lies Beneath English Major Students' Attitudes towards ChatGPT for Academic Writing: A TAM Perspective?

Wanda Hijriani Herwanto, Slamet Setiawan, Ahmad Munir


This study aims to determine the perceived usefulness and ease of use of ChatGPT among English majors. The study used a qualitative case study research design to gain an idea of the experiences and perceptions of major English students at a university in East Java, Indonesia. Participants in this study are six undergraduates from the major in English at an Indonesian university. Data collection is conducted using open-ended questionnaires and interviews with selected undergraduates. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) framework is used as an analysis lens to identify trends and interpretations of students' attitudes of ChatGPT for academic writing. The results of this study indicate that students majoring in English have mixed attitudes to ChatGPT, some students find it useful and others prefer alternative tools for their academic writing assignments. Finally, this study emphasizes the importance of understanding individual preferences and needs when considering the integration of AI tools into academic environments.


ChatGPT; Academic Writing; English Department Students; Technology Acceptance Model

Full Text:



Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C., & Walker, D. A. (2014). Introduction to Research in Education (9th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Bernabei, M., Colabianchi, S., Falegnami, A., & Costantino, F. (2023). Students’ use of large language models in engineering education: A case study on technology acceptance, perceptions, efficacy, and detection chances. Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence, 5(October), 100172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.caeai.2023.100172

Cascella, M., Montomoli, J., Bellini, V., & Bignami, E. (2023). Evaluating the Feasibility of ChatGPT in Healthcare: An Analysis of Multiple Clinical and Research Scenarios. Journal of Medical Systems, 47(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-023-01925-4

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Reseach : Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Pearson Education Inc.

Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319–340. http://www.jstor.org/stable/249008

Deng, J., & Lin, Y. (2023). The Benefits and Challenges of ChatGPT: An Overview. Frontiers in Computing and Intelligent Systems, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.54097/fcis.v2i2.4465

Iqbal, N., Ahmed, H., & Azhar, K. A. (2022). Exploring Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Using Chatgpt. Global Journal for Management and Administrative Sciences, 3(4), 97–111. https://doi.org/10.46568/gjmas.v3i4.163

Kasneci, E., Sessler, K., Küchemann, S., Bannert, M., Dementieva, D., Fischer, F., Gasser, U., Groh, G., Günnemann, S., Hüllermeier, E., Krusche, S., Kutyniok, G., Michaeli, T., Nerdel, C., Pfeffer, J., Poquet, O., Sailer, M., Schmidt, A., Seidel, T., … Kasneci, G. (2023). ChatGPT for good? On opportunities and challenges of large language models for education. Learning and Individual Differences, 103(March). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2023.102274

Oguz, F. E., Ekersular, M. N., Sunnetci, K. M., & Alkan, A. (2023). Can Chat GPT be Utilized in Scientific and Undergraduate Studies? Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 0123456789, 2–4. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-023-03333-8

Rahma, A. (2024). the Potential Impact of Using Chat Gpt on Efl Students ’ Writing : Teachers ’ Perspective. Indonesian EFL Journal (IEFLJ), 10(1), 11–20.

Rahman, M. M., & Watanobe, Y. (2023). ChatGPT for Education and Research: Opportunities, Threats, and Strategies. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 13(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/app13095783

Sallam, M. (2023). Practice : Systematic Review on the Promising Perspectives and Valid Concerns. Healthcare, 11(6), 887.

Setiawan, A., & Luthfiyani, U. K. (2023). Penggunaan ChatGPT Untuk Pendidikan di Era Education 4.0: Usulan Inovasi Meningkatkan Keterampilan Menulis. JURNAL PETISI (Pendidikan Teknologi Informasi), 4(1), 49–58. https://doi.org/10.36232/jurnalpetisi.v4i1.3680

Sirichokcharoenkun, Y., Tipayavaravan, N., Cao, L., & Hanoi, B. A. (2023). ChatGPT: A New Tool for English Language Teaching and Learning at Vietnamese High Schools. 10.35542/osf.io/m7k4y

Waltzer, T., Cox, R. L., & Heyman, G. D. (2023). Testing the Ability of Teachers and Students to Differentiate between Essays Generated by ChatGPT and High School Students. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1155/2023/1923981

Xu, X., Su, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, Y., & Xu, X. (2024). Understanding learners’ perceptions of ChatGPT: A thematic analysis of peer interviews among undergraduates and postgraduates in China. Heliyon, 10(4), e26239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e26239

Yilmaz, H., Maxutov, S., Baitekov, A., & Balta, N. (2023). Student’s Perception of Chat GPT: A Technology Acceptance Model Study. International Educational Review, 1(1), 57–83. https://doi.org/10.58693/ier.114

Zou, M., & Huang, L. (2023). To use or not to use? Understanding doctoral students’ acceptance of ChatGPT in writing through technology acceptance model. Frontiers in Psychology, 14(October), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1259531

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26618/equilibrium.v12i2.14453


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Equilibrium: Jurnal Pendidikan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi 
Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan 
Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar 
Alamat: Jalan Sultan Alauddin No 259 
Email: jurnalsosiologi@unismuh.ac.id   

Bekerjasama Dengan Asosiasi Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi Indonesia (APPSANTI)


Lisensi Creative Commons
Karya ini dilisensikan dengan Lisensi Internasional Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 .

Lihat Statistik Saya