Analyzing Indonesia’s NCICD Project to Stop the Capital City Sinking

Aris Widodo

Abstract


Jakarta is hit by a tidal flood every year and cause some loss for the city. Beside that flood caused by sea level rise, the city risk on sinking is higher because of land subsidence problem. Without any significant action, it is predicted that Jakarta will face USD 521 million loss risks on 2050 caused by flood. To overcome the sinking problem, Indonesian government plays an active role on the international action to combat climate change. In addition, Indonesian government also implements NCICD project, in which create giant sea wall and land reclamation on the Jakarta Bay.  However, the land reclamation raises an argument that it would create an environment disaster for the city. Because of that, it is suggested that Jakarta should only create a sea wall without land reclamation. Moreover, Jakarta government also should ensure that Spatial City Planning and New Rule on ground water extraction are well implemented so the land subsidence in the city is stopped.


Keywords


Sea Level Rise; Land Subsidence; Jakarta; Flood; Giant Sea Wall

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, H. Z., Andreas, H., Gumilar, I., Fukuda, Y., Pohan, Y. E., & Deguchi, T. (2011). Land subsidence of Jakarta (Indonesia) and its relation with urban development. Natural Hazards, 59(3), 1753.

BAPPENAS, 2007. Damage and Loss Assessment Report, Post-Flood Early in February 2007 in the Region Jabodetabek (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi).Jakarta.

Budiyono, Y., Aerts, J., Brinkman, J., Marfai, M. A., & Ward, P. (2015). Flood risk assessment for delta mega-cities: a case study of Jakarta. Natural hazards, 75(1), 389-413.

Budiyono, Y., Aerts, J. C. J. H., Tollenaar, D., & Ward, P. (2016). River flood risk in Jakarta under scenarios of future change. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci Discuss, 3, 4435-4478.

Change, I. C. (2014). Synthesis Report Summary Chapter for Policymakers. IPCC, 31, 2014.

Figueres, C. (2015). Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. UN Chronicle, 51(4), 30-31.

Firman, T. (2009). The continuity and change in mega-urbanization in Indonesia: A survey of Jakarta–Bandung Region (JBR) development. Habitat International, 33(4), 327-339.

Gerritsen, H., & Villars, M. T. (2005). Operational management of the Saint Petersburg flood protection barrier: Report on the International Workshop, 19-20 May 2005, Saint Petersburg, Russia. Z3979.

Hunter, P. (2012). The St Petersburg Flood Protection Barrier: design and construction.

Jevrejeva, S., Jackson, L. P., Riva, R. E., Grinsted, A., & Moore, J. C. (2016). Coastal sea level rise with warming above 2° C. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201605312.

Lankao, P. R. (2008). Urban areas and climate change: Review of current issues and trends issues paper for the 2011 global report on human settlements. National Center for Atmospheric Research.

Lie, H. J., Cho, C. H., Lee, S., Kim, E. S., Koo, B. J., & Noh, J. H. (2008). Changes in marine environment by a large coastal development of the Saemangeum reclamation project in Korea. Ocean and Polar Research, 30(4), 475-484.

Mikhailenko, R., (2005). Flood and Coastal Defence and Integrated Water Management for St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg.

NEDECO, (2002). St. Petersburg Flood Protection Barrier Environmental Impact Assessment Study Executive Summary, St. Petersburg.

Park, Y. G., Kim, H. Y., Hwang, J. H., Kim, T., Park, S., Nam, J. H., & Seo, Y. K. (2014). Dynamics of dike effects on tidal circulation around Saemangeum, Korea. Ocean & coastal management, 102, 572-582.

Perekonomian, K.K.B., (2014). Draft Master Plan of Integrated Development of Coastal State Capital. Jakarta.

Poerbandono, A., Julian, M. M., & Ward, P. J. (2014). Assessment of the effects of climate and land cover changes on river discharge and sediment yield, and adaptive spatial planning in the Jakarta region. Natural hazards, 73, 507-530.

Sagala, S., Lassa, J., Yasaditama, H., & Hudalah, D. (2013). The evolution of risk and vulnerability in Greater Jakarta: contesting government policy. Institute for Resource Governance and Social Change, Kupang, Indonesia.

Stern, N. (2006). The Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change Executive Summary. 11.

Taniguchi, M. (Ed.). (2011). Groundwater and Subsurface Environments: Human Impacts in Asian Coastal Cities. Springer Science & Business Media.

Texier, P. (2008). Floods in Jakarta: when the extreme reveals daily structural constraints and mismanagement. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 17(3), 358-372.

UNFCC, (2016). Background on the UNFCCC: The international response to climate change. Change, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate. Available at: http://unfccc.int/essential_background/items/6031.php [Accessed March 8, 2017].

UNFCC, (2015). Indonesia Submits its Climate Action Plan Ahead of 2015 Paris Agreement. United Nations. Available at: http://newsroom.unfccc.int/unfccc-newsroom/indonesia-submits-its-climate-action-plan-ahead-of-2015-paris-agreement/ [Accessed March 31, 2017].

Zhuang, J. (2009). The Economics of Climate Change in Southeast Asia: A Regional Review. Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippine.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26618/ojip.v7i2.769

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Creative Commons License

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
 
 
View My Stats