Combatting Slums, Suistaining Poverty: Dynamic Urban Governance in Makassar, Indonesia

Andi Luhur Prianto, Andi Annisa Amalia


Urban livelihood asset is an accumulation of labor capital and financial capital. The existence of a slum area in the coastal area of Untia with an area of 7.13 ha of 740.10 ha of the total slum area in the city of Makassar. This area is a potential strategic accumulation of livelihoods in the human capital, institutional, physical, financial and environmental resources, but on the other hand also has a high level of vulnerability. This study aims to obtain an empirical situation regarding the lives of poor people in the slums of the Untia coastal area, Makassar City. The socio-economic conditions of the community, the use of space, the ownership status of land and buildings, the condition of infrastructure and facilities of settlements in coastal slums as a basis for the reconstruction of coastal slums handling models based on dynamic governance. The findings show that urban slum in coastal areas are very rapidly growing. Problems that continue along with various programs carried out by the government. All programs by the state and non-state have been carried out in an effort to eradicate slum areas, but in fact the poverty rate in the region continues to increase. Managing a slums settlement program can use a dynamic governance framework: thinking ahead, thinking again, and thinking across. All of these strategies have been internalized of digital information and communication technology.


Slums; Urban Governance; Coastal Area; Dynamic Governance

Full Text:



Acharya, B. L. (2010) Urban Poverty: A Sociological Study of Shankhamul Squatter, Sociology and Anthropology (4) : 179-192

Adelekan, I. O. (2010), Vulnerability of Poor Urban Coastal Communities to Flooding in Lagos Nigeria, Environment & Urbanization, 22(2) : 433–450

Ahmed, Iftekhar. (2016). Building Resilence of Urban Slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Procedia, Social and Behavioral Science, 218: 202-213.

Amalia, A., A. (2018). Karakteristik Hunian Permukiman Kumuh Kampung Sapiria Kelurahan Lembo Kota Makassar, Nature : National Academic Journal of Architecture, 5 (1): 13-22

Bah, E., Faye, I., Geh, Z. (2018). Slum Upgrading and Housing Alternatives for The Poor. Housing Market Dynamics in Africa, pp 215-253. London : Palgrave Macmillan

Banerjee, A., Pande, P., Walton, M. (2012) Delhi’s Slum -Dwellers: Deprivation, Preferences and Political Engagement among the Urban Poor, Working Paper, International Growth Centre (IGC), S-5003-INC-1

Bappeda (2017). Slums Improvement Action Plan (SIAP) of Makassar City, Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah (Bappeda), [Regional Development Planning Board], Government of The Makassar City.

BKM Untia (2018) Neighborhood Settlement Plan of Untia, Badan Keswadayaan Masyarakat (BKM) [Community Self-Help Agency], Untia, Makassar City.

BPS (2018) Kota Makassar dalam Angka 2017, [Makassar in Figures 2017], Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS), [Central Board of Statistics], Government of The Makassar City.

CDE (2014). Cities of Hope: Young People and Opportunity in South Africa Cities. Johannesburg, South Africa: Centre for Development And Enterprise (CDE). ( )

Chaudhuri, S. (2015) Urban Poor, Economic Opportunities and Sustainable Development Through Traditional Knowledge and Practices, Global Bioethics, 26(2) : 86-93

Chimankar, A. D. (2016). Urbanization and Condition of Urban Slums in India. Indonesian Journal of Geography, 48 (1) : 28 - 36

Cruz, N, F,. Rode, P,. McQuarrie, M. (2019) New Urban Governance: A Review of Current Themes and Future Priorities, Journal of Urban Affairs, 41(1) : 1-19

Decree of Mayor of The Makassar City (2014) Surat Keputusan (SK) Walikota Makassar No. 050.05/1341/Kep/IV/2014 Tentang Penetapan Kawasan Kumuh, [Decree of Determining the Location of Slum Settlements in Makassar City], Government of The Makassar City.

Faisah, N., Prianto, A., L. (2015) Good Environmental Governance (Studi Kasus Pengelolaan Taman Macan Di Kota Makassar), Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 5 (2) : 174 - 188

Hassan, G. F. (2012). Regeneration as an Approach for the Development of Informal Settlements in Cairo Metropolitan, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 51 (3): 229-239.

Hariyanto, A. (2007), Strategi Penanganan Kawasan Kumuh sebagai Upaya Menciptakan Lingkungan Perumahan dan Permukiman yang Sehat (Contoh Kasus : Pangkal Pinang), Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Unisba, 7 (2) : 11-37

Jermsittiparsert, K. (2017), Environmental Civil Societies of Thailand : Expectations and Realistic Observations, The Social Sciences, 12(11): 2051-2057.

Jogerson, A. K., Rice, J. (2016), Slum Prevalence and Health in Developing Countries: Sustainable Development Challenges in the Urban Context. Sustainable Development, 24 : 53-63.

Kasim, A., Huseini, M., Anwar, R., dan Siong, N.B. (2015). Merekontruksi Indonesia : Sebuah Perjalanan Menuju Dynamic Governance. Jakarta : PT Kompas Media Nusantara.

Mahabir, R., Crooks, A., Croitoru, A., Agouris, P., (2016) The Study of Slums as Social and Physical Constructs: Challenges and Emerging Research Opportunities, Regional Studies, Regional Science, 3(1) : 399-419

Michiani, M. V., Asano, J. (2019), Physical Upgrading Plan for Slum Riverside Settlement in Traditional Area: A Case Study in Kuin Utara, Banjarmasin, Indonesia, Frontiers of Architectural Research, pp 1 -18

Ministry of Public Works and Housing (2016). National Slum Upgrading Program (NUSP) General Guidelines, Jakarta : Directorate General of Human Settlements, Ministry of Public Works and Housing

Ministry of Public Works and Housing Regulation No. 02/PRT/M/2016 about Quality Improvement of Slum and Slum Settlements, Jakarta : Directorate General of Human Settlements, Ministry of Public Works and Housing

Muta’ali, L., Nugroho, R. (2016), Perkembangan Program Penanganan Permukiman Kumuh di Indonesia dari Masa ke Masa, [Development of Slum Settlement Program in Indonesia from Time to Time] Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada UniversityPress

Nassar, D., Elsayed, H. (2017), From Informal Settlements to Sustainable Communities. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 57: 2367-2376.

Nugroho, A. R. (2010). Studi Kawasan Kumuh Kota Banjarmasin, [Study of Banjarmasin City Slum Area] Research Report, City Development Planning Board of Banjarmasin.

Pérez, J., M. G., (2018), Urban Inequality: The City After the 2007 Crisis, Urban Science, 2018, (2) : 1-5

Rickards, L., Brendan, G., Boyle, M., O’Callaghan, C., (2016). Urban Studies After the Age of the City, Urban Studies Vol. 53(8) : 1523-1541

Paschoal, B., Wegrich, K., (2019) Urban Governance Innovations in Rio de Janeiro: The Political Management of Digital Innovations, Journal of Urban Affairs, 41 (1) : 117-134

Prayitno, B. (2014). Skema Inovatif Penanganan Permukiman Kumuh, [Inovative Scheme in Handling Slum Settlement], Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press

Phang, S. Y., Lee, D., Cheong, A., Phoon, K. F., Wee, K. (2014) Housing Policies in Singapore: Evaluation of Recent Proposals and Recommendations for Reform, The Singapore Economic Review, 59 (3) : 1450025-1 - 1450025-14

Phongchiewboon, A. (2018), Book Review: Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance, Asia Political Science Review, 2 (1) : 117

Siong, N. B., Chen, G. (2007). Dynamic Governance : Embedding Culture, Capabilities and Changes in Singapore. Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.

Smets, P., Lindert, P. (2016). Sustainable Housing and the Urban Poor, International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development., 8 (1) : 1-9.

Uddin, N. (2018), Assessing Urban Sustainability of Slum Settlements in Bangladesh: Evidence From Chittagong City. Journal of Urban Management, 7 : 32-42.

United Nations (2014). World Urbanization Prospects : The 2014 Revision. New York : United Nations

Woltersdorf, A. (2018) A bold Approach To Public Housing : Western nations could learn a thing or two from Singapore’s public housing model. But can it really be replicated abroad ?, International Politics and Society, []



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats