Resolving the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapon through ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC)

Putti Ananda Hiswi

Abstract


This paper analyses the cooperation of states in Southeast Asia within the framework established by ASEAN, that is ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC) to resolving the illicit trade of Small Arms and Light Weapon in the region. Most of existing works on the topic being studied put emphasize on the importance of the existence of norms, the role of institutions and security cooperation in resolving the illicit weapons trade. However, the existing studies have not explained why the existing form of cooperation has not been effective. By the approaching of international regime theory, this article explains the interest based of regime that explain the background of regime formation which could influence state behavior to cooperate and successfully implement the rules of the international regime itself. The research applying qualitative research methods with data sourced from primary and secondary data from ASEAN official documents, books, journals, online news. This article shows that the effectivity of AMMTC to deal with the illicit Small Arms Trade is strongly influenced by the implementation commitment of the state members.

Keywords


ASEAN; Small Arms and Light Weapon; International Regime; Illicit Weapons Trade

Full Text:

PDF

References


ASEAN. (2012). ASEAN Declaration on Transnational Crime 1997. Retrieved April 28, 2018, from http://asean.org/?static_post=asean-declaration-on-transnational-crime-manila-20-december-1997

ASEAN. (2017). ASEAN Plan Of Action In Combating Transnational Crime (2016-2025). Retrieved April 9, 2018, from http://asean.org/asean-political-security-community/asean-ministerial-meeting-on-transnational-crime-ammtc/

ASEAN, S. N. (2015). ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC). Retrieved April 28, 2018, from http://setnas-asean.id/asean-ministerial-meeting-on-transnational-crime-ammtc

Bitzinger, R. A. (2013). Revisiting Armaments Production in Southeast Asia: New Dreams, Same Challenges. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 35(3), 369. https://doi.org/10.1355/cs35-3c

Capie, D. (2008). Localization as resistance: The contested diffusion of small arms norms in Southeast Asia. Security Dialogue, 39(6), 637–658. https://doi.org/10.1177/0967010608098213

Centre For International Law. (2017). ASEAN Plan Of Action In Combating Transnational Crime 2016-2025. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from https://cil.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/formidable/14/2016-2025-ASEAN-POA-in-combating-transnational-crime

Chouvy, P.-A. (2013). An Atlas of Trafficking in Southeast Asia: The Illicit Trade in Arms, Drugs, People, Counterfeit Goods and Natural Resources in Mainland Southeast Asia (Vol. 1).

Efrat, A. (2010). Toward internationally regulated goods: controlling the trade in small arms and light weapons. International Organization, 64(1), 97-131.

Emmers, R. (2003). ASEAN and the securitization of transnational crime in Southeast Asia. Pacific Review, 15(3), 419–438.

Evans, B. (1988). Arms Procurement Policies in ASEAN : is Enough ? How Much is Enough? Contemporary Southeast Asia, 10(3), 294–305.

Fee, L. E. (1988). Arms Control in Southeast Asia : A Review of the Debate. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 10(3), 221–241.

Haacke, J. (2009). The ASEAN Regional Forum: from dialogue to practical security cooperation? Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 22(3), 427–449. https://doi.org/10.1080/09557570903104057

Haacke, J., & Williams, P. D. (2008). Regional arrangements, securitization, and transnational security challenges: The African Union and the association of Southeast Asian Nations compared. Security Studies, 17(4), 775–809. https://doi.org/10.1080/09636410802508014

Haas, E. B. (1980). Why Collaborate? Issue Linkage and International Regimes. World Politics, 32(03), 357–405.

Hasenclever, A., Mayer, P., & Rittberger, V. (1996). Interests, Power, Knowledge : The Study of International Regimes, 40(2), 177–228.

Hasenclever, A., Mayer, P., & Rittberger, V. (2004). Theories of international regimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Holtom, P., & Pavesi, I. (2017). Trade Update 2017 Out of the Shadows. Re-trieved from http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/S-Trade-Update/SAS-Trade-Update-2017.pdf

Kartha, T. (1999). Trans-national crime and light weapons proliferation: Security implications for the state. Strategic Analysis, 23(9), 1449–1466. https://doi.org/10.1080/09700169908455136

Keohane, R. O. (1984). After hegemony: cooperation and discord in the world political economy. Princenton: Princeton University Press.

Kramer, K. (2001). Legal controls on small arms and light weapons in South-east Asia. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.

Krasner, S. D. (1982). Structural Causes and Regime Consequences : Regimes as Intervening Variables. International Organization, 36(2), 185–205. Retrieved from //www.jstor.org/stable/2706520

Kurniawan, Y. (2018). The politics of securitization in democratic Indonesia. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62482-2

Lee, Y. Y. (2014). Asean Matters! : Reflecting on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. World Scientific Publishing.

Mullins, S., & Wither, J. K. (2016). Terrorism and organized crime. UN Forum on Crime and Society, 15(3), 65–82.

Nsia-Pepra, K., & Pearson, F. S. (2009). Official and illicit arms transfer data in Southeast Asia. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 5(1), 101–108. https://doi.org/10.1080/15423166.2009.135301934648

Paoli, G. P., & Kytomaki, E. (2016). Towards a Universal Arms Trade Treaty: Understanding barriers and challenges in South-East Asia. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR1700/RR1779/RAND_RR1779.pdf

Pattugalan, G. R. (2004). Small Arms Proliferation and Misuse : Impact Policy Actions Human Security Im pact and Policy Actions in Southeast Asia. Journal of Third World Studies, 19(1), 62–91.

POA-ISS. (2005). The Issue of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) in the context of transnational organized crime: Its implications for ASEAN Security. Retrieved May 1, 2018, from http://www.poa-iss.org/RegionalOrganizations/ASEAN/The Issue of SALW in the context of transnations organized crime.pdf

Pulkowski, D. (2014). The Law and Politics of International Regime Conflict. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/ac-prof:oso/9780199689330.001.0001

Thachuk, K. L. (2007). Transnational Threats: Smuggling and Trafficking in Arms, Drugs, and Human Life. International Relations. Praeger Security International.

Tripathi, M. (2015). European Union and ASEAN : A Comparison. International Journal of Research, 2(1), 376–383.

Wezeman, P. D., & Et.al. (2018). Trend In International Arms Transfer 2017. SIPRI Fact Sheet, 7(March), 235–249.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26618/ojip.v8i2.1311

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Creative Commons License

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
 
© All rights reserved 2018. Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan - ISSN (Print) : 2088-3706, ISSN (Online) : 2502-9320.
 
View My Stats