Assessing JAKSTRAKAB: government platform for waste management in Simeulue Regency, Indonesia

Sri Wahyu Handayani, Vellayati Hajad, Fadhil Ilhamsyah, Ikhsan Ikhsan, Herizal Herizal


This study aims to determine the implementation of waste management policies in Simeulue District. The method used is qualitative, while the informants are determined by purposive sampling. Data was collected through interviews and documentation. While data analysis is done by means of transcription, classification, and drawing conclusions, The results of the study show that the implementation of policies related to waste management, abbreviated as Jakstrakab, as stated in Simeulue Regent Regulation Number 21 of 2019, shows that: (1) Jakstrakab communication through outreach has not reached many groups; (2) resources are still limited, especially related to human resources, budget, and waste management facilities such as abandoned fleets, warehouses, and equipment; (3) regarding the disposition, there is still overlapping work; and (4) the large bureaucratic structure causes officers to carry out their duties and functions not in accordance with the established Jakstrakab. The study concludes that bureaucracy, commitment, efficient communication, and resource allocation are necessary for Simeulue's waste management policy to be implemented. It is necessary to overcome obstacles including poor communication, a lack of resources, and bureaucratic disarray. Simeulue may enhance waste management practices toward sustainability by strengthening communication, managing resources better, and enlisting the support of policy implementers.


waste management; effectiveness; implementation; policy; local government

Full Text:



Abutabenjeh, S., & Jaradat, R. (2018). Clarification of research design, research methods, and research methodology. Teaching Public Administration, 36(3), 237–258.

Armadi, N. M. (2021). Peran Serta Masyarakat Dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Sebagai Kunci Keberhasilan Dalam Mengelola Sampah. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 9–24.

Bressers, H. Th. A., & Jr, L. J. O. (1998). The Selection of Policy Instruments: A Network-based Perspective. Journal of Public Policy, 18(3), 213–239.

Brown, D. P. (2015). Garbage: How population, landmass, and development interact with culture in waste production. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, pp. 98, 41–54.

Cao, J., Lu, B., Chen, Y., Zhang, X., Zhai, G., Zhou, G., Jiang, B., & Schnoor, J. L. (2016). Extended producer responsibility system in China improves e-waste recycling: Government policies, enterprise, and public awareness. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, pp. 62, 882–894.

Chaminade, C., & Esquist, C. (2010). Rationales for Public Policy Intervention in the Innovation Process: Systems of Innovation Approach. In The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Critchell, K., & Lambrechts, J. (2016). Modeling accumulation of marine plastics in the coastal zone; what are the dominant physical processes? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 171, 111–122.

Desa, A., Kadir, N. B. A., & Yusooff, F. (2011). A Study on the Knowledge, Attitudes, Awareness Status and Behaviour Concerning Solid Waste Management. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 18, 643–648.

Dreyfus, M., Töller, A. E., Iannello, C., & McEldowney, J. (2010). Comparative Study of a Local Service: Waste Management in France, Germany, Italy and the UK. In The Provision of Public Services in Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Garnett, K., & Cooper, T. (2014). Effective dialogue: Enhanced public engagement as a legitimizing tool for municipal waste management decision-making. Waste Management, 34(12), 2709–2726.

Grindle, M. S. (1980). One. Policy Content and Context in Implementation. In Politics and Policy Implementation in the Third World (pp. 3–34). Princeton University Press.

Gundupalli, S. P., Hait, S., & Thakur, A. (2017). A review on automated sorting of source-separated municipal solid waste for recycling. Waste Management, 60, 56–74.

Hara, K., & Yabar, H. (2012). Historical evolution and development of waste management and recycling systems—analysis of Japan’s experiences. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 2(4), 296–307.

Howlett, M., & Cashore, B. (2020). Public policy: definitions and approaches. In A Modern Guide to Public Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Hupe, P., & Hill, M. (2020). Discretion in the Policy Process. In Discretion and the Quest for Controlled Freedom (pp. 237–258). Springer International Publishing.

Hupe, P. L. (2011). The Thesis of Incongruent Implementation: Revisiting Pressman and Wildavsky. Public Policy and Administration, 26(1), 63–80.

Jank, A., Müller, W., Schneider, I., Gerke, F., & Bockreis, A. (2015). Waste Separation Press (WSP): A mechanical pretreatment option for organic waste from source separation. Waste Management, 39, 71–77.

Kamaruddin, H., Maskun, Patittingi, F., Assidiq, H., Bachril, S. N., & Al Mukarramah, N. H. (2022). Legal Aspect of Plastic Waste Management in Indonesia and Malaysia: Addressing Marine Plastic Debris. Sustainability, 14(12), 6985.

Kaseva, M. E., & Gupta, S. K. (1996). Recycling is an environmentally friendly and income-generating activity that promotes sustainable solid waste management. Case study — Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 17(4), 299–309.

Kasmad, R., & Alwi, N. A. (2018). Local collaborative network: Is it a smart implementer of Indonesia's cocoa business development policy? International Journal of Public Policy, 14(5/6), 374.

Kaya, M. (2016). Recovery of metals and nonmetals from electronic waste by physical and chemical recycling processes. Waste Management, pp. 57, 64–90.

Krieg, E. J. (1998). The Two Faces of Toxic Waste: Trends in the Spread of Environmental Hazards. Sociological Forum, 13(1), 3–20.

Linder, S. H., & Peters, B. G. (1990). Policy formulation and the challenge of conscious design. Evaluation and Program Planning, 13(3), 303–311.

Lu, H., & Sidortsov, R. (2019). Sorting out a problem: A co-production approach to household waste management in Shanghai, China. Waste Management, 95, 271–277.

Mangunjaya, F. M., Tobing, I. S. L., Binawan, A., Pua, E., & Nurbawa, M. (2015). Faiths from the Archipelago. Worldviews, 19(2), 103–122.

Mathison, S. (2005). Policy Studies. In Encyclopedia of Evaluation. Sage Publications, Inc.

Mubarok, S., Zauhar, S., Setyowati, E., & Suryadi, S. (2020). Policy Implementation Analysis: Exploration of George Edward III, Marilee S Grindle, and Mazmanian and Sabatier Theories in the Policy Analysis Triangle Framework. Journal of Public Administration Studies, 005(01), 33–38.

Munawar, E., Yunardi, Y., Lederer, J., & Fellner, J. (2018). The development of landfill operation and management in Indonesia. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 20(2), 1128–1142.

Nakamura, S., & Kondo, Y. (2002). Input‐Output Analysis of Waste Management. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 6(1), 39–63.

Neumayer, E. (2000). German packaging waste management: a successful voluntary agreement with less successful environmental effects. European Environment, 10(3), 152–163.<152::AID-EET224>3.0.CO;2-N

Oliveira, G. M., Vidal, D. G., & Ferraz, M. P. (2020). Urban Lifestyles and Consumption Patterns (pp. 851–860).

O’Toole, L. J. (1986). Policy Recommendations for Multi-Actor Implementation: An Assessment of the Field. Journal of Public Policy, 6(2), 181–210.

Parker, L. (2018). Environmentalism and education for sustainability in Indonesia. Indonesia and the Malay World, 46(136), 235–240.

Peterson, G. D., Cumming, G. S., & Carpenter, S. R. (2003). Scenario Planning: A Tool for Conservation in an Uncertain World. Conservation Biology, 17(2), 358–366.

Prihatin, R. B. (2020). Pengelolaan Sampah di Kota Bertipe Sedang: Studi Kasus di Kota Cirebon dan Kota Surakarta. Aspirasi: Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Sosial, 11(1), 1–16.

Qian, W., Burritt, R., & Monroe, G. (2011). Environmental management accounting in local government. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 24(1), 93–128.

Restuningdiah, N., Nagari, P. M., Dwi Jati, F., & Azzardina, A. (2021). Literasi bank sampah dan asuransi sampah sebagai upaya peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Jurnal Inovasi Hasil Pengabdian Masyarakat (JIPEMAS), 4(1), 144.

Robichau, R. W., & Lynn Jr., L. E. (2009). The Implementation of Public Policy: Still the Missing Link. Policy Studies Journal, 37(1), 21–36.

Rodić, L., & Wilson, D. C. (2017). Resolving governance issues to achieve priority sustainable development goals related to solid waste management in developing countries. Sustainability (Switzerland), 9(3).

Sabatier, P. A. (1991). Toward Better Theories of the Policy Process. PS: Political Science & Politics, 24(2), 147–156.

Sabatier, P. A., & Mazmanian, D. (1980). The Implementation of Public Policy: A Framework of Analysis. Policy Studies Journal, 8(4), 538–560.

Schofield, J. (2001). Is it time for a revival? Public policy implementation: a review of the literature and an agenda for future research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 3(3), 245–263.

Shekdar, A. V. (2009). Sustainable solid waste management: An integrated approach for Asian countries. Waste Management, 29(4), 1438–1448.

Suryono, A. (2018). Kebijakan Publik Untuk Kesejahteraan Rakyat. Transparansi Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi, 6(2), 98–102.

Tomaszewski, L. E., Zarestky, J., & Gonzalez, E. (2020). Planning Qualitative Research: Design and Decision Making for New Researchers. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 160940692096717.

Van Meter, D. S., & Van Horn, C. E. (1975). The Policy Implementation Process. Administration & Society, 6(4), 445–488.

Veiga, J. M., Vlachogianni, T., Pahl, S., Thompson, R. C., Kopke, K., Doyle, T. K., Hartley, B. L., Maes, T., Orthodoxou, D. L., Loizidou, X. I., & Alampei, I. (2016). Enhancing public awareness and promoting co-responsibility for marine litter in Europe: The challenge of MARLISCO. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 102(2), 309–315.

Wolf-Powers, L. (2010). Community Benefits Agreements and Local Government. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(2), 141–159.

Zorpas, A. A. (2020). Strategy development in the framework of waste management. Science of The Total Environment, 716, 137088.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats