Building a Ukrainian Identity in Odessa: Negotiation of Markers and Informal Nationalism

Abel Polese

Abstract


A large and established body of literature on nation building in post-socialist spaces has initially put emphasis on state-centred construction of identity references and markers such as language, education or institutions and governance. In contrast, a recent stream of scholarship has attempted to bring agency into identity debates to propose new tools and approaches that can be used in the study of identity construction. This article is a further exploration of the latter position. It looks at the way identities are constructed, and renegotiated, at the everyday level, by ordinary people, by illustrating the competition between Russian and Ukrainian languages in Odessa, a Ukrainian city on the Black sea, to look at the synergy generated by the competition between local and national narratives.


Keywords


Language; Identity; National Identity; Odessa; Ukraine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arel, D. (1995) "Language politics in independent Ukraine: Towards one or two state languages?." Nationalities papers, 23.3: 597-622.

Astapova, A. (2017). “How to pronounce ‘Belarusian’? Negotiating identity through naming” in Polese, A., J. Morris, E. Pawlusz, O. Seliverstova (eds). (2017). Identity and Nation Building in Everyday Post-Socialist Life: 131-145.

Barrington, L. (1995). The domestic and international consequences of citizenship in the Soviet successor states, Europe-Asia Studies, 47(5): 731-763.

Billig, M. (1995). Banal Nationalism. London: Sage.

Brubaker, R. (1996). Nationalism reframed: Nationhood and the national question in the new Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bulakh, T. (2017). Made in Ukraine: consumer citizenship during EuroMaidan transformations, in Polese, A., J. Morris, E. Pawlusz, O. Seliverstova (eds) Identity and Nation Building in Everyday Post-Socialist Life (2017): 73-90.

Connor, W. (2004). The Timeless of Nation, Nations and Nationalism, 1 (2): 35-47.

Danero Iglesias, J. (2017) Nuanced identities at the borders of the European Union: Romanians in Serbia and Ukraine in Polese, A., J. Morris, E. Pawlusz, O. Seliverstova (eds) Identity and Nation Building in Everyday Post-Socialist Life (2017): 146-160

Datunashvili, A. (2017) “The Georgian National Museum and the Museum of Soviet Occupation as loci of informal nation building” in Polese, A., J. Morris, E. Pawlusz, O. Seliverstova (eds) Identity and Nation Building in Everyday Post-Socialist Life (2017): 52-70.

Ehala, M. (2009). "The bronze soldier: Identity threat and maintenance in Estonia." Journal of Baltic Studies, 40 (1): 139-158.

Fabrykant, M. (2018) Why Nations Sell: Reproduction of Everyday Nationhood through Advertising in Russia and Belarus, in Polese, A., O. Seliverstova, E. Pawlusz and J. Morris (eds.) (2018) Informal Nationalism After Communism: The Everyday Construction of Post-Socialist Identities. London: IB Tauris pp: 83-102

Fournier, A. (2002). Mapping Identities: Russian Resistance to Linguistic Ukrainization in Central and Eastern Ukraine. Europe-Asia Studies, 54(3) : 415-433.

Gaufman, E. (2018). “Money Can’t Buy It? Everyday Geopolitics in Post Soviet Russia” in Polese, A., O. Seliverstova, E. Pawlusz and J. Morris (eds.) (2018) Informal Nationalism After Communism: The Everyday Construction of Post-Socialist Identities. London: IB Tauris pp: 104-120

Gellner, E. (1984). Nations and nationalism. New York: Cornell University Press

Guibernau, M. (2006). "National identity, devolution and secession in Canada, Britain and Spain." Nations and Nationalism, 12(1): 51-76.

Isaacs, R., & Polese, A. (eds.) (2016). Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge.

Isaacs, R. (2016). “Cinema and Nation-Building in Kazakhstan” in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) (2016) Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 136-156

Janmaat, J. G. (2005). “Ethnic and Civic Conceptions of the Nation in Ukraine’s History Textbooks”, European Education, 37(3): 20-37.

Janmaat, J. G. (2000). Nation-building in Post-Soviet Ukraine. Educational Policy and the Response of the Russian Speaking Population. Utrecht et Amsterdam : Royal Dutch Geographical Society.

Kerikmae, T. (2001). Estonian Constitutional Problems in Accession to the EU in Kellermann et al. (eds) EU Enlargement: the Constitutional Impact at EU and National Level TMC Asser Instituut: The Hague, 291-300

Kerikmäe, T., Nyman-Metcalf, K., & Papageorgiou, I. (2013). Is this really what I voted for? Legitimacy of European integration. Baltic Journal of Law & Politics, 6(1), 45−62.

Khmelko, V. (2004). Lingvo-ethnichna struktura Ukrainy: regionalni osoblivosti ta tendentsii zmin za roki nezalezhnosti (The linguistic and ethnic composition of Ukraine: regional specificities and change after independence). Kiev: Kiev International Institute of Sociology.

Krawchenko, B. (1987). Social change and national consciousness in twentieth-century Ukraine. CIUS Press.

Kuts O. (2004). Movna polityka v derzhatvochyskykh protsessakh Ukrainy (Language policy in Ukrainian state dynamics). Kharkiv: Kharkiv National University.

Kuzio, T. (2005). “Nation-building, History Writing and Competition over the Legacy of Kyiv Rus in Ukraine”, Nationalities Papers, 33(1): 30-58.

Kuzio, T. (2001). Nationalising States’ or nation-building: A Review of the Theoretical Literature and Empirical Evidence. Nations and Nationalism, 7(2):135-154.

Kuzio, T. (2000). Nationalism in Ukraine: Towards a New Framework. Politics, 20(2): 133-162.

Kuzio, T. (1998) Ukraine: State and Nation-building. London: Routledge.

Laitin, D. (1998). Identity in Formation: The Russian-Speaking Populations in the New Abroad. Ithaca, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Leonardis, D. (2016). “Memory and Nation-Building in Georgia” in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) (2016) Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 24-45.

Menga, F. (2016) “Public Construction and Nation-Building in Tajikistan” in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) (2016) Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 193-205

Menga, F. (2015). Building a nation through a dam: the case of Rogun in Tajikistan. Nationalities Papers, 43(3): 479-494.

Ó Beacháin, D., & Kevlihan, R. (2013). Threading a needle: Kazakhstan between civic and ethno‐nationalist state‐building. Nations and Nationalism, 19(2): 337-356.

Ó Beacháin, D. (2016). “Elections and Nation-Building in Abkhazia” in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) (2016) Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 206-225

Pawłusz, E., & Seliverstova, O. (2016). Everyday Nation-Building in the Post-Soviet Space. Methodological Reflections. Studies of Transition States & Societies, 8(1).

Pechurina, Anna (2017). "National food, belonging, and identity among Russian-speaking migrants in the UK." in Polese, A., J. Morris, E. Pawlusz, O. Seliverstova (eds) : 91-108

Polese, A., O. Seliverstova, E. Pawlusz & J. Morris (eds.) (2018). Informal Nationalism After Communism: The Everyday Construction of Post-Socialist Identities. London: IB Tauris

Polese, A., J. Morris, E. Pawlusz., & O. Seliverstova (eds.). (2017). Identity and Nationalism in Everyday Post-Socialist Life. London: Routledge

Polese, A. (2014). “Patterns of identity formation in the post-Soviet space: Odessa as a case study” in Gonul Pultar (ed), Imagining Identities: Identity Formation in the Age of Globalization, Syracuse. NY: Syracuse University Press

Polese, A. (2013). “Ucrânia: a construção nacional entre o real e o imaginário” E-Cadernos 19 http://eces.revues.org/1588

Polese, A. (2011). Dichotomies Between Citizenship and Nationality: Reflections from the Ukrainian Nation-building Experience, Politické Védy, 15(2): 48-63

Polese, A. (2011b). Ukraine: la construction nationale entre le réel et l’imaginaire in G. Rouet (ed.), Nations, Cultures et Entreprises en Europe, Paris: L'Harmattan

Polese, A. & O. Seliverstova (2011). Ucraina, fiabe senza frontiere” in, G. Motta (ed.) Raccontami una storia. Fiabe, leggende e miti nella memoria

dei popoli, Roma: Franco Angeli

Polese, A., & Wylegala, A. (2008). Odessa and Lvov or Odesa and Lviv: How Important is a Letter? Reflections on the “Other” in Two Ukrainian Cities. Nationalities Papers, 36(5): 787-814

Polese, A. (2010). The formal and the informal: Exploring ‘Ukrainian’ Education in Ukraine, Scenes from Odessa. Comparative Education, 46(1): 45-62

Polese, A., & Wylegala, A (2008b). Sprache und Identitat: Reflexionen aus Odessa und Lwiw, Ukraine Analysen, 49: 13-17

Polese, A. (2009). «Une version alternative de la révolution orange: transformations identitaires et nation building spontané», Socio-logos 4 (Journal of the French Sociological Association), http://socio-logos.revues.org/2315

Popson, N. (2001). The Ukrainian History Textbook: Introducing Children to the ‘Ukrainian Nation’. Nationalities Papers 29(2): 326-350.

Richardson, T. (2008). Kaleidoscopic Odessa: History and place in contemporary Ukraine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Rodgers, P. (2007). Compliance or contradiction’? Teaching ‘History’in the ‘New Ukraine. A view from Ukraine's Eastern Borderlands. Europe-Asia Studies, 59(3): 503-519.

Seliverstova, O. (2017). Consuming” national identity in Western Ukraine. Nationalities Papers 45 (1): 61-79.

Shevel, O. (2002). Nationality in Ukraine: Some Rules of Engagement, East European Politics and Society, 16(2): 363-385.

Shulman, S. (2005). Ukrainian Nation-Building Under Kuchma. Problems of Post-Communism, 52(5): 32-47.

Smith, A. (1991). National identity. Reno: University of Nevada Press

Stebelsky, I. (2009). Ethnic Self-Identification in Ukraine, 1989-2001: Why More Ukrainians and Fewer Russians?. Canadian Slavonic Papers, 51(1): 77-100.

Storm, K. (2016). “Language, Law and Nation-Building in Georgia” in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) (2016). Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 116-135

Troitiño, D. R. (2013). European Integration: Building Europe. New York: Nova Science Publishers Incorporated.

Troitiño, D. R. (2013b). The Current Economic Crisis of the EU: Genesis, Analysis and Solutions. Baltic Journal of European Studies, 3(1), 6-28.

Ventsel, A. (2016). Language, Economy and Nation-Building in the Republic of Sakha in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) (2016) Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 102-115

Wanner, C. (1998). Burden of Dreams. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Wigglesworth-Baker, T. (2016). Language, Schools and Nation-Building in Tatarstan in Isaacs, R. and Polese, A. (eds.) Nation Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp: 81-101.

Wilson, A. (2002) “Elements of a Theory of Ukrainian Ethno-National Identities” Nations and Nationalism 8(1):31-54.

Wolczuk, K. (2000). History, Europe and the ‘National Idea’: the ‘Official’ Narrative of National Identity in Ukraine, Nationalities Papers, 28(4): 672-694.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26618/ojip.v8i1.1014

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Creative Commons License

Otoritas : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
 
 
View My Stats